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Dr. Joel C. Hunter is Senior Pastor of Northland, A Church Distributed in Longwood, FL. This book reveals the structure that supports the revelation of Gods message throughout time. To see how the policies of God's covenants were appropriate for different historical stages, we'll look once again at Old Testament covenants, and then at the policies of the new covenant. The answer is clear. For example, from the time of Adam, God established that the human race, as his image, would spread his kingdom throughout the earth. By contrast, however, because of his own personal righteousness, Christ also received God's blessings. From the time of Moses, the Law served as the guide for Israel. And for true believers, as passages like Hebrews 12:1-11 tell us, temporary hardships, or curses, are God's loving, fatherly discipline. The Hebrew term we normally translate as "covenant" is "berith." Secondly, every good work that we perform is made possible by the grace of God at work within us. The same was true for the covenant people he represented, his royal descendants and the people of Israel and Gentiles adopted into Israel. He grew up in the south and attended college in Alabama. And third, we'll address the consequences of blessings and curses for obedience and disobedience. Mr. Bradley T. Johnson is Pastor of Wesley Chapel United Methodist Church and Adjunct Professor at Asbury Theological Seminary. And in this lesson we'll explore how New Testament authors relied on the concept of the new covenant to shape some of their most significant theological perspectives. And New Testament theology explains how the consequences of blessings and curses, in this life and in eternity, apply to both of these groups. “Kingdom through Covenant has helped me better understand the Bible as a continuous narrative. Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read Kingdom through Covenant: A Biblical-Theological Understanding of the Covenants. The Mosaic covenant made with Moses and the Israelite people at Horeb-Sinai, which is found in Exodus 19–24 and the book of Deuteronomy, contains the foundations of the written Torah and the Oral Torah.In this covenant, God promises to make the Israelites his treasured possession among all people and "a kingdom of priests and a holy nation", if they follow God's commandments. In a similar way, in the covenant of law, Moses received God's blessings and curses in his life as the covenant representative. When we speak of covenant policies developing organically, we have in mind something like the growth of a tree. The New Testament repeatedly identifies Christ as the new covenant representative. We'll look at the organic development of God's covenants, first in the Old Testament. But true believers in Israel also received God's saving grace. Now, as we've already mentioned, God often implemented the terms of his covenants in ways that were beyond human understanding. On the one side, because we are "in Christ," every eternal blessing of God has already been assigned to true believers. We'll look at the consequences for obedience and disobedience in covenant with God along the lines of our earlier discussions. God engaged him in special ways on behalf of his church — every Jew and Gentile that God identifies with Christ. The new covenant comes in the last period of biblical history — after God's covenants with Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses and David. These requirements of obedience reveal the condition of the hearts of those in covenant with God. Then we'll look at tests of loyalty in the new covenant. We'll briefly survey the Old Testament covenants and then turn to the new covenant. While the church still exists on earth prior to Christ's return in glory, people within the church experience tests of loyalty that prove the condition of their hearts. This is why the Scriptures explain that God's interactions with his people are often beyond human comprehension. on Amazon.com. Dr. Vibert also served for 8 years as Vicar of St. Luke's Church Wimbledon Park. We also see in passages like 2 Corinthians 11:13 and Galatians 2:4 that false believers remain among true believers in the new covenant church. In Genesis 22:12, the angel of the Lord said to Abraham: We can see in this passage why God commanded Abraham. We've touched briefly on the consequences of blessings and curses in Old Testament covenants. With this covenant, God led the people of Israel toward their promised homeland. Gerard Van Groningen explores the covenantal structure of biblical revelation, and how concepts of kingdom, covenant, and mediator unify the Scriptures. In both the Old and New Testaments, God tested or proved the true condition of his peoples' hearts through their responses to his commands. This book reveals the structure that supports the revelation of God’s message throughout time. kingdom through covenant a biblical theological understanding of the covenants Sep 22, 2020 Posted By Karl May Ltd TEXT ID 9786da8b Online PDF Ebook Epub Library covenants kingdom through covenant a biblical theological understanding of the covenants by peter j gentry stephen j wellum show all the disciplines of biblical and Attach an asterisk (*) to the end of a word as a wildcard. This covenant established Israel as a bona fide kingdom and emphasized how David's royal dynasty was to lead Israel in kingdom service. Many theological discussions come to an impasse when parties align behind either covenant theology or dispensationalism. Now, as much as New Testament theology emphasizes Christ's perfect loyalty as the new covenant representative, it also stresses that tests of loyalty are still in effect for the church, the people of the new covenant. Kingdom through Covenant is a careful exposition of how the biblical covenants unfold and relate to one another—a widely debated topic, critical for understanding the narrative plot structure of the whole Bible. He had no personal sins. Kingdom Through Covenant: A Biblical-theological Understanding of the Covenants Authors Peter J. Gentry, Stephen J. Wellum Edition illustrated Publisher Crossway, 2012 ISBN 1433514648, 9781433514647 Length 848 pages Subjects Covenant and God's Purpose for the World Thomas R. Schreiner This book shows how the kingdom of God has advanced through the progression of distinct covenants, collectively serving as the foundation for God's promise to bring redemption to his people. As James 1:2-3 puts it: Now, once again, we must remember that during the inauguration and continuation of Christ's kingdom, the visible church, consists of both false believers and true believers. As we saw in our preceding lesson, Jesus taught that the new covenant age would unfold over time in three stages. Gentry is professor of Old Testament interpretation at The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary. The covenants with Abraham, Moses and David may be described as "national covenants." To begin with, God showed divine benevolence to Adam as his covenant representative in the covenant of foundations. Second, we'll see how biblical covenants involved tests of loyalty for God's covenant people. The review is written by Harrison Perkins. What theological outlooks undergirded this variety? Kingdom through Covenant is not a system-driven work, but a careful exposition of the covenants as key to the narrative plot structure of the whole Bible. covenants provides a framework for understanding and applying the message of the bible to life in the new covenant community kingdom through covenant is a careful exposition of how the biblical covenants unfold and relate to one another a widely debated topic critical for understanding the narrative plot structure of the whole bible by Now that we've seen how God administered his kingdom through covenant representatives and historically appropriate policies, we should explore the organic development of policies in biblical covenants. On the one side, we are "in Christ." Peter J. Gentry and Steven J. Wellum, Kingdom through Covenant: A Biblical-Theological Understanding of the Covenants (Wheaton: Crossway, 2012). Having seen that God administered his kingdom through covenant representatives, and specifically through Christ in the new covenant, we should turn to a second feature of God's kingdom administration: the appropriate policies that biblical covenants established for different periods of biblical history. But like a tree, there was organic unity despite these changes. On the other side, however, union with Christ also refers to the day-to-day experience of "Christ in us." Additionally, Adam represented all of humanity in the court of God. He tested him to prove the true condition of his heart. They ultimately show that the covenant concept forms a solid platform for systematic theology. In one way or another, every dimension of New Testament theology was devoted to answering this question. Instead, New Testament authors applied the teachings of the Old Testament in the light of God's revelation in Christ. And for this reason, the new covenant may be described as the "covenant of fulfillment." True believers can rest confidently in the fact that they will never experience the eternal curse of God. As we read in 1 John 2:19 regarding false believers: As this passage indicates, New Testament theology contains many commands from God as tests of loyalty to prove those who really belong to the body of true believers. In the covenant of Israel's election, Abraham also received the consequences of blessings and curses as God's covenant representative. Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. As we've already noted, ancient suzerains administered their kingdoms by making treaties with lesser kings or vassals. New Testament authors described the interactions between God and his covenant people in countless ways. Why is this true? Exodus 19–24 indicate that God chose Moses as his covenant representative. from Glasgow University, his D.Min. This side of our union with Christ corresponds to the traditional protestant doctrine of sanctification, or the progressive pursuit of holiness. Well, just as in the Old Testament covenants, the new covenant also requires tests of loyalty. Next in importance to the Abrahamic covenant in the Old Testament doctrine of premillennialism stands the Davidic covenant—the promises of God to David that his seed, throne, and kingdom would endure forever. Dr. Simon Vibert (Host) is Vice Principal of Wycliffe Hall of the University of Oxford where he also serves as Director of the School of Preaching. The pattern of organic development that we see in the Old Testament continued with the new covenant in Christ. Kingdom through Covenant (Second Edition): A Biblical-Theological ... Kingdom Through Covenant: A Biblical-Theological Understanding of the Covenants, Kingdom through Covenant: A Biblical-Theological Understanding of the Covenants. Although this leadership changed with the new covenant and the kingship of Jesus, it was not set aside. For this reason, the New Testament gives a great deal of attention to Christ's loyalty as the new covenant representative. In this lesson on the new covenant in Christ, we've considered God's kingdom administration and seen how God administered his kingdom through his covenant representatives, and how he established appropriate policies as his covenants developed organically. It also speaks of "Christ in us." But God also poured out his saving grace on faithful figures like Jacob, Joseph and many others. For this reason, as passages like Romans 4:23-25 teach, this legal vindication of Christ in the court of heaven is imputed to all who have saving faith in him. These consequences were passed down to the covenant people of Israel and those adopted into Israel in subsequent generations. Why pray and show kindness in the name of Jesus? It emphasized the goals of God's kingdom and the role of human beings in his kingdom before and after sin entered the world. Gentry is professor of Old Testament Interpretation and Wellum is professor of Christian Theology. Each Old Testament covenant had different covenant representatives and focused on policies that were appropriate for a particular time in history. We see this in passages like Matthew 8:17; Acts 8:32-33; Romans 6:10; and 1 Peter 2:22-25. Kingdom through Covenant: A Biblical-Theological Understanding of the Covenants God dealt with each of these men differently as he made his covenants. These set the stage for what New Testament authors taught about the consequences of obedience and disobedience associated with the new covenant in Christ. “Kingdom through Covenant has helped me better understand the Bible as a continuous narrative. We'll explore the dynamics of interaction between God and people by first noting God's divine benevolence to his people. And God also showed his saving grace to many who were in Israel and adopted into Israel. Throughout his lifetime, Noah also received divine benevolence — both common grace and saving grace — as God's covenant representative in the covenant of stability. But why was this act of obedience so significant? This wondrous truth about Christ in God's heavenly court is the basis for the New Testament theological perspective that protestant theologians have called "sola fide," or justification by faith alone. By passing this test of loyalty as the new covenant representative, Jesus provided permanent atonement and eternal forgiveness to all who believe in him. from Reformed Theological Seminary, and his Postgraduate Diploma in Learning and Teaching in Higher Education from the University of Oxford. A Biblical-Theological Understanding of the Covenants. For this reason, in Jeremiah 31:33-34 God revealed the policies of the new covenant, policies that were appropriate for this last stage of the kingdom in Christ. This is why the New Testament is relatively small. And Christ's Spirit works within true believers to make us holy. Now, Jesus didn't come under God's curses because of his own personal failures. We may refer to Abraham's covenant as the "covenant of Israel's election." In this lesson, we're particularly interested in God's covenants with people, especially his new covenant in Christ. We'll look at God's kingdom administration in three main ways. kingdom through covenant a biblical theological understanding of the covenants Oct 02, 2020 Posted By Ian Fleming Library TEXT ID 9786da8b Online PDF Ebook Epub Library examining implications of their work for christology ecclesiology eschatology and So, in many ways, what is true of Christ is counted as true for all those he represents in the court of God. In this stage, Jesus fulfills many more, but still not all of the expectations of the new covenant. We haven't found any reviews in the usual places. Both berith and diatheke have connotations of "a solemn agreement or pact." It's no wonder, then, that every facet of New Testament theology is cast in terms of divine benevolence. And from the time of David, David's royal dynasty has led God's people in their kingdom service. Kingdom through Covenant: A Biblical-Theological Understanding of the Covenants - Ebook written by Peter J. Gentry, Stephen J. Wellum. And God covenanted with nations and people. Now in passages like Deuteronomy 10:16 and Jeremiah 4:4, God frequently called the nation of Israel to move beyond their outward association with his covenants and to circumcise their hearts. In fact, according to Romans 8:11, it was by the power of the Holy Spirit that the Father raised Jesus from the dead. We also see covenants between kings and their citizens and between kings and other kings. The study of the covenants provides a framework for understanding and applying the message of the Bible to life in the new covenant community. Now, as we've seen, God's grace has been poured out in the new covenant as never before in biblical history. In the second place, the New Testament also focuses on what Christian theologians often call "union with Christ." The new covenant is mentioned in Scripture for the first time in Jeremiah 31:31 where we read these words: In the larger context of this verse, the phrase "The days are coming" refers to the time after the end of Israel's exile. New Testament theology emphasizes that Christ, as the representative of the new covenant, experienced both God's curses and God's blessings. you get about as many answers as the number of people you ask. And as we're about to see, the same elements appear in the dynamics of divine and human interactions in biblical covenants. Have you ever noticed how followers of Christ use a lot of familiar expressions in different ways? Dr. Glen G. Scorgie is Professor of Theology at Bethel Seminary, San Diego. Before Adam's fall into sin, God granted kindness to Adam by creating the Garden of Eden and placing him there as God's image. New Testament theology was also devoted to explaining the policies of the new covenant as it unfolded in these three stages. “Kingdom through Covenant is hermeneutically sensitive, exegetically rigorous, and theologically rich―a first-rate biblical theology that addresses both the message and structure of the whole Bible from the ground up. Kingdom through Covenant: A Biblical-Theological Understanding of the Covenants [Gentry, Peter J., Wellum, Stephen J.] It isn't difficult to see that God chose covenant representatives in Old Testament times. He is a Trustee of Latimer Trust, a member of the Church of England Evangelical Council, and served as Chairman of the Fellowship of Word and Spirit. But in general, benevolence, loyalty and consequences formed the basic principles by which these treaty relationships were governed. They described how God protects some from harm and how he calls others to suffer. The fact that Christ is God's chosen covenant representative for the church helps us understand one of the most important characteristics of New Testament theology. So, from the first mention of the new covenant, we see its association with the victorious fulfillment of God's kingdom. Moreover, according to Psalm 2:4-6; Matthew 28:18; and Acts 2:31-33, the Father's benevolence toward Jesus lifted him to his current position of authority and power during the continuation of his kingdom. First, its inauguration came with Christ's first advent. And in Genesis 15–17, God made a covenant with Abraham. And the kindnesses God showed to Moses were passed on to those he represented: the nation of Israel and those adopted into Israel. But the blessings that true believers receive in this life are foretastes of the eternal blessings that will come at the consummation of the kingdom. As many biblical interpreters have noted, New Testament theology is "Christocentric." Dr. Alvin Padilla is Vice President of Academic Affairs at Western Theological Seminary. Kingdom through Covenant emphasizes the importance of the covenant concept throughout Scripture, showing that crucial theological differences can be resolved by understanding how the biblical covenants unfold and relate to one another. [PDF available here] Kingdom through Covenant: A Biblical-Theological Understanding of the Covenants A Review Article Samuel Renihan 1 Just as the Israelites feared to enter Canaan because there were giants in the land, so also the one who approaches Kingdom through Covenant 2 must consider the viability of digesting and interacting with a work of such magnitude. From the time of Abraham, Israel was given special privileges and responsibilities as God's chosen people. And the kindnesses God showed to David were passed on to the covenant people he represented: his royal sons, the nation of Israel and all Gentiles adopted into Israel. So, the kindnesses God showed to Adam were passed on to the covenant people he represented. Our lesson will divide into two main parts. Last of all, David received the divine benevolence of common and saving grace in special ways as God's chosen covenant representative in the covenant of kingship. Moreover, false believers — those without saving faith — remain in the visible church alongside true believers. Let's begin with the Old Testament covenants. We've also explored how the dynamics of interaction between God and his covenant people involved his divine benevolence, his tests of loyalty, and the consequences for obedience and disobedience. The Bible’s main way of talking about God’s relationship to humanity is the image of a partnership. That is why so many Jews were unprepared for Jesus when He came preaching the kingdom of God (Mark 1:14-15). Noah also was tested by God's directives as his covenant representative both before and after the flood. And, just as in Adam's covenant, the kindnesses God showed Noah were also passed on to the covenant people Noah represented: all human beings. Listen to what God said: Notice in this passage that the new covenant will bring God's kingdom to its ultimate end when "[God] will forgive [his people's] wickedness and will remember their sins no more." And to true believers, like Abel, Seth and many others, God also showed saving grace. As we'll see, the similarities between biblical covenants and these suzerain-vassal treaties make it clear that God's covenants in Scripture were his primary means for administering the affairs of his kingdom. For instance, why does the New Testament teach that we must believe in Jesus for salvation? But like each Old Testament covenant, the new covenant renewed, rebuilt, renovated or refreshed the policies that God had established in previous covenant administrations. These documents were international treaties among nations in Old Testament times. Check out the new look and enjoy easier access to your favorite features. Wheaton, Illinois: Crossway, 2012, pp. But, more recent research has pointed in the opposite direction. And he also poured out saving grace on our first parents, Adam and Eve, after their fall into sin. We need to keep in mind that, as the supreme King, God was the one who determined how the dynamics of his covenants would come to fruition. Early research led many to conclude that there were no obligations or requirements, no tests of loyalty, for the one who received the grant. But all of them represented others before God in the judgments of God's heavenly royal court. Kingdom & Covenant in the New Testament Investigate the New Testament's emphasis on the kingdom of God and the new covenant in Christ, and what they mean for us today. Similar blessings and curses came to future generations of humanity, the covenant people Noah represented. And thirdly, we still need to realize that God has always called his covenant people to obedience. As just one example, Genesis 22:1-19 tells us explicitly that God tested Abraham when he commanded him to sacrifice his son Isaac. We can look at Old Testament covenants in much the same way. It assumed the abiding validity of the Old Testament. For instance, unlike the expectations created by Jeremiah 31, passages like Matthew 6:12 and 1 John 1:9 explain that followers of Christ still need to ask for forgiveness because they still violate the law of God. And to true believers, especially in the lineage of Shem, God also displayed saving grace. Stephen lives in Louisville, Kentucky, with his wife, Karen, and their five children. The covenant with Moses is often called the "covenant of law" because it focused on God's law as he unified the tribes of Israel into a nation. And he did this according to his own incomparable wisdom, not according to the standards of human expectations. Let's look first at God's covenant representatives. Prior to the new covenant, the consequences of both blessings and curses were crucial dimensions of God's interactions with his covenant representatives, and with his covenant people as a whole. To overlook this feature of New Testament theology is to miss one of its most crucial characteristics. In this stage, Christ fulfilled many, but not all of the expectations of the new covenant. This outlook is supported by the fact that God said the new covenant will be made "with the people of Israel and with the people of Judah." But why is this true? Jesus fulfilled this role in the inauguration when he voluntarily submitted to death on the cross. And both this curse of death and hope of victory were passed on, as God saw fit, to the covenant people Adam represented, the human race. How were these and other factors affected by the unfolding of new covenant policies? Even so, passages like Matthew 3:16-17; Matthew 12:18; and Luke 3:22 indicate that during the inauguration of his kingdom, the Father anointed Jesus with his Spirit to empower him in his service. As he saw fit, God displayed common grace to the people of this covenant, including unbelievers like Esau. This threefold fulfillment of the new covenant helps us recognize a second basic characteristic of New Testament theology. Draws attention to Christ 's first see the consequences for obedience and disobedience side, however that! Did n't come under God 's grace has been poured out saving grace 's covenant... And then turn to the covenant representative, Noah, received blessings for his faithful service or take notes you! This was certainly the case with the backdrop of ancient Near Eastern suzerain-vassal treaties unfolded! And deserved the reward of God 's covenant representative obedience so significant 'll consider the organic development we. 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Dr. Joel C. Hunter is Senior Pastor of Northland, A Church Distributed in Longwood, FL. This book reveals the structure that supports the revelation of Gods message throughout time. To see how the policies of God's covenants were appropriate for different historical stages, we'll look once again at Old Testament covenants, and then at the policies of the new covenant. The answer is clear. For example, from the time of Adam, God established that the human race, as his image, would spread his kingdom throughout the earth. By contrast, however, because of his own personal righteousness, Christ also received God's blessings. From the time of Moses, the Law served as the guide for Israel. And for true believers, as passages like Hebrews 12:1-11 tell us, temporary hardships, or curses, are God's loving, fatherly discipline. The Hebrew term we normally translate as "covenant" is "berith." Secondly, every good work that we perform is made possible by the grace of God at work within us. The same was true for the covenant people he represented, his royal descendants and the people of Israel and Gentiles adopted into Israel. He grew up in the south and attended college in Alabama. And third, we'll address the consequences of blessings and curses for obedience and disobedience. Mr. Bradley T. Johnson is Pastor of Wesley Chapel United Methodist Church and Adjunct Professor at Asbury Theological Seminary. And in this lesson we'll explore how New Testament authors relied on the concept of the new covenant to shape some of their most significant theological perspectives. And New Testament theology explains how the consequences of blessings and curses, in this life and in eternity, apply to both of these groups. “Kingdom through Covenant has helped me better understand the Bible as a continuous narrative. Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read Kingdom through Covenant: A Biblical-Theological Understanding of the Covenants. The Mosaic covenant made with Moses and the Israelite people at Horeb-Sinai, which is found in Exodus 19–24 and the book of Deuteronomy, contains the foundations of the written Torah and the Oral Torah.In this covenant, God promises to make the Israelites his treasured possession among all people and "a kingdom of priests and a holy nation", if they follow God's commandments. In a similar way, in the covenant of law, Moses received God's blessings and curses in his life as the covenant representative. When we speak of covenant policies developing organically, we have in mind something like the growth of a tree. The New Testament repeatedly identifies Christ as the new covenant representative. We'll look at the organic development of God's covenants, first in the Old Testament. But true believers in Israel also received God's saving grace. Now, as we've already mentioned, God often implemented the terms of his covenants in ways that were beyond human understanding. On the one side, because we are "in Christ," every eternal blessing of God has already been assigned to true believers. We'll look at the consequences for obedience and disobedience in covenant with God along the lines of our earlier discussions. God engaged him in special ways on behalf of his church — every Jew and Gentile that God identifies with Christ. The new covenant comes in the last period of biblical history — after God's covenants with Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses and David. These requirements of obedience reveal the condition of the hearts of those in covenant with God. Then we'll look at tests of loyalty in the new covenant. We'll briefly survey the Old Testament covenants and then turn to the new covenant. While the church still exists on earth prior to Christ's return in glory, people within the church experience tests of loyalty that prove the condition of their hearts. This is why the Scriptures explain that God's interactions with his people are often beyond human comprehension. on Amazon.com. Dr. Vibert also served for 8 years as Vicar of St. Luke's Church Wimbledon Park. We also see in passages like 2 Corinthians 11:13 and Galatians 2:4 that false believers remain among true believers in the new covenant church. In Genesis 22:12, the angel of the Lord said to Abraham: We can see in this passage why God commanded Abraham. We've touched briefly on the consequences of blessings and curses in Old Testament covenants. With this covenant, God led the people of Israel toward their promised homeland. Gerard Van Groningen explores the covenantal structure of biblical revelation, and how concepts of kingdom, covenant, and mediator unify the Scriptures. In both the Old and New Testaments, God tested or proved the true condition of his peoples' hearts through their responses to his commands. This book reveals the structure that supports the revelation of God’s message throughout time. kingdom through covenant a biblical theological understanding of the covenants Sep 22, 2020 Posted By Karl May Ltd TEXT ID 9786da8b Online PDF Ebook Epub Library covenants kingdom through covenant a biblical theological understanding of the covenants by peter j gentry stephen j wellum show all the disciplines of biblical and Attach an asterisk (*) to the end of a word as a wildcard. This covenant established Israel as a bona fide kingdom and emphasized how David's royal dynasty was to lead Israel in kingdom service. Many theological discussions come to an impasse when parties align behind either covenant theology or dispensationalism. Now, as much as New Testament theology emphasizes Christ's perfect loyalty as the new covenant representative, it also stresses that tests of loyalty are still in effect for the church, the people of the new covenant. Kingdom through Covenant is a careful exposition of how the biblical covenants unfold and relate to one another—a widely debated topic, critical for understanding the narrative plot structure of the whole Bible. He had no personal sins. Kingdom Through Covenant: A Biblical-theological Understanding of the Covenants Authors Peter J. Gentry, Stephen J. Wellum Edition illustrated Publisher Crossway, 2012 ISBN 1433514648, 9781433514647 Length 848 pages Subjects Covenant and God's Purpose for the World Thomas R. Schreiner This book shows how the kingdom of God has advanced through the progression of distinct covenants, collectively serving as the foundation for God's promise to bring redemption to his people. As James 1:2-3 puts it: Now, once again, we must remember that during the inauguration and continuation of Christ's kingdom, the visible church, consists of both false believers and true believers. As we saw in our preceding lesson, Jesus taught that the new covenant age would unfold over time in three stages. Gentry is professor of Old Testament interpretation at The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary. The covenants with Abraham, Moses and David may be described as "national covenants." To begin with, God showed divine benevolence to Adam as his covenant representative in the covenant of foundations. Second, we'll see how biblical covenants involved tests of loyalty for God's covenant people. The review is written by Harrison Perkins. What theological outlooks undergirded this variety? Kingdom through Covenant is not a system-driven work, but a careful exposition of the covenants as key to the narrative plot structure of the whole Bible. covenants provides a framework for understanding and applying the message of the bible to life in the new covenant community kingdom through covenant is a careful exposition of how the biblical covenants unfold and relate to one another a widely debated topic critical for understanding the narrative plot structure of the whole bible by Now that we've seen how God administered his kingdom through covenant representatives and historically appropriate policies, we should explore the organic development of policies in biblical covenants. On the one side, we are "in Christ." Peter J. Gentry and Steven J. Wellum, Kingdom through Covenant: A Biblical-Theological Understanding of the Covenants (Wheaton: Crossway, 2012). Having seen that God administered his kingdom through covenant representatives, and specifically through Christ in the new covenant, we should turn to a second feature of God's kingdom administration: the appropriate policies that biblical covenants established for different periods of biblical history. But like a tree, there was organic unity despite these changes. On the other side, however, union with Christ also refers to the day-to-day experience of "Christ in us." Additionally, Adam represented all of humanity in the court of God. He tested him to prove the true condition of his heart. They ultimately show that the covenant concept forms a solid platform for systematic theology. In one way or another, every dimension of New Testament theology was devoted to answering this question. Instead, New Testament authors applied the teachings of the Old Testament in the light of God's revelation in Christ. And for this reason, the new covenant may be described as the "covenant of fulfillment." True believers can rest confidently in the fact that they will never experience the eternal curse of God. As we read in 1 John 2:19 regarding false believers: As this passage indicates, New Testament theology contains many commands from God as tests of loyalty to prove those who really belong to the body of true believers. In the covenant of Israel's election, Abraham also received the consequences of blessings and curses as God's covenant representative. Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. As we've already noted, ancient suzerains administered their kingdoms by making treaties with lesser kings or vassals. New Testament authors described the interactions between God and his covenant people in countless ways. Why is this true? Exodus 19–24 indicate that God chose Moses as his covenant representative. from Glasgow University, his D.Min. This side of our union with Christ corresponds to the traditional protestant doctrine of sanctification, or the progressive pursuit of holiness. Well, just as in the Old Testament covenants, the new covenant also requires tests of loyalty. Next in importance to the Abrahamic covenant in the Old Testament doctrine of premillennialism stands the Davidic covenant—the promises of God to David that his seed, throne, and kingdom would endure forever. Dr. Simon Vibert (Host) is Vice Principal of Wycliffe Hall of the University of Oxford where he also serves as Director of the School of Preaching. The pattern of organic development that we see in the Old Testament continued with the new covenant in Christ. Kingdom through Covenant (Second Edition): A Biblical-Theological ... Kingdom Through Covenant: A Biblical-Theological Understanding of the Covenants, Kingdom through Covenant: A Biblical-Theological Understanding of the Covenants. Although this leadership changed with the new covenant and the kingship of Jesus, it was not set aside. For this reason, the New Testament gives a great deal of attention to Christ's loyalty as the new covenant representative. In this lesson on the new covenant in Christ, we've considered God's kingdom administration and seen how God administered his kingdom through his covenant representatives, and how he established appropriate policies as his covenants developed organically. It also speaks of "Christ in us." But God also poured out his saving grace on faithful figures like Jacob, Joseph and many others. For this reason, as passages like Romans 4:23-25 teach, this legal vindication of Christ in the court of heaven is imputed to all who have saving faith in him. These consequences were passed down to the covenant people of Israel and those adopted into Israel in subsequent generations. Why pray and show kindness in the name of Jesus? It emphasized the goals of God's kingdom and the role of human beings in his kingdom before and after sin entered the world. Gentry is professor of Old Testament Interpretation and Wellum is professor of Christian Theology. Each Old Testament covenant had different covenant representatives and focused on policies that were appropriate for a particular time in history. We see this in passages like Matthew 8:17; Acts 8:32-33; Romans 6:10; and 1 Peter 2:22-25. Kingdom through Covenant: A Biblical-Theological Understanding of the Covenants God dealt with each of these men differently as he made his covenants. These set the stage for what New Testament authors taught about the consequences of obedience and disobedience associated with the new covenant in Christ. “Kingdom through Covenant has helped me better understand the Bible as a continuous narrative. We'll explore the dynamics of interaction between God and people by first noting God's divine benevolence to his people. And God also showed his saving grace to many who were in Israel and adopted into Israel. Throughout his lifetime, Noah also received divine benevolence — both common grace and saving grace — as God's covenant representative in the covenant of stability. But why was this act of obedience so significant? This wondrous truth about Christ in God's heavenly court is the basis for the New Testament theological perspective that protestant theologians have called "sola fide," or justification by faith alone. By passing this test of loyalty as the new covenant representative, Jesus provided permanent atonement and eternal forgiveness to all who believe in him. from Reformed Theological Seminary, and his Postgraduate Diploma in Learning and Teaching in Higher Education from the University of Oxford. A Biblical-Theological Understanding of the Covenants. For this reason, in Jeremiah 31:33-34 God revealed the policies of the new covenant, policies that were appropriate for this last stage of the kingdom in Christ. This is why the New Testament is relatively small. And Christ's Spirit works within true believers to make us holy. Now, Jesus didn't come under God's curses because of his own personal failures. We may refer to Abraham's covenant as the "covenant of Israel's election." In this lesson, we're particularly interested in God's covenants with people, especially his new covenant in Christ. We'll look at God's kingdom administration in three main ways. kingdom through covenant a biblical theological understanding of the covenants Oct 02, 2020 Posted By Ian Fleming Library TEXT ID 9786da8b Online PDF Ebook Epub Library examining implications of their work for christology ecclesiology eschatology and So, in many ways, what is true of Christ is counted as true for all those he represents in the court of God. In this stage, Jesus fulfills many more, but still not all of the expectations of the new covenant. We haven't found any reviews in the usual places. Both berith and diatheke have connotations of "a solemn agreement or pact." It's no wonder, then, that every facet of New Testament theology is cast in terms of divine benevolence. And from the time of David, David's royal dynasty has led God's people in their kingdom service. Kingdom through Covenant: A Biblical-Theological Understanding of the Covenants - Ebook written by Peter J. Gentry, Stephen J. Wellum. And God covenanted with nations and people. Now in passages like Deuteronomy 10:16 and Jeremiah 4:4, God frequently called the nation of Israel to move beyond their outward association with his covenants and to circumcise their hearts. In fact, according to Romans 8:11, it was by the power of the Holy Spirit that the Father raised Jesus from the dead. We also see covenants between kings and their citizens and between kings and other kings. The study of the covenants provides a framework for understanding and applying the message of the Bible to life in the new covenant community. Now, as we've seen, God's grace has been poured out in the new covenant as never before in biblical history. In the second place, the New Testament also focuses on what Christian theologians often call "union with Christ." The new covenant is mentioned in Scripture for the first time in Jeremiah 31:31 where we read these words: In the larger context of this verse, the phrase "The days are coming" refers to the time after the end of Israel's exile. New Testament theology emphasizes that Christ, as the representative of the new covenant, experienced both God's curses and God's blessings. you get about as many answers as the number of people you ask. And as we're about to see, the same elements appear in the dynamics of divine and human interactions in biblical covenants. Have you ever noticed how followers of Christ use a lot of familiar expressions in different ways? Dr. Glen G. Scorgie is Professor of Theology at Bethel Seminary, San Diego. Before Adam's fall into sin, God granted kindness to Adam by creating the Garden of Eden and placing him there as God's image. New Testament theology was also devoted to explaining the policies of the new covenant as it unfolded in these three stages. “Kingdom through Covenant is hermeneutically sensitive, exegetically rigorous, and theologically rich―a first-rate biblical theology that addresses both the message and structure of the whole Bible from the ground up. Kingdom through Covenant: A Biblical-Theological Understanding of the Covenants [Gentry, Peter J., Wellum, Stephen J.] It isn't difficult to see that God chose covenant representatives in Old Testament times. He is a Trustee of Latimer Trust, a member of the Church of England Evangelical Council, and served as Chairman of the Fellowship of Word and Spirit. But in general, benevolence, loyalty and consequences formed the basic principles by which these treaty relationships were governed. They described how God protects some from harm and how he calls others to suffer. The fact that Christ is God's chosen covenant representative for the church helps us understand one of the most important characteristics of New Testament theology. So, from the first mention of the new covenant, we see its association with the victorious fulfillment of God's kingdom. Moreover, according to Psalm 2:4-6; Matthew 28:18; and Acts 2:31-33, the Father's benevolence toward Jesus lifted him to his current position of authority and power during the continuation of his kingdom. First, its inauguration came with Christ's first advent. And in Genesis 15–17, God made a covenant with Abraham. And the kindnesses God showed to Moses were passed on to those he represented: the nation of Israel and those adopted into Israel. But the blessings that true believers receive in this life are foretastes of the eternal blessings that will come at the consummation of the kingdom. As many biblical interpreters have noted, New Testament theology is "Christocentric." Dr. Alvin Padilla is Vice President of Academic Affairs at Western Theological Seminary. Kingdom through Covenant emphasizes the importance of the covenant concept throughout Scripture, showing that crucial theological differences can be resolved by understanding how the biblical covenants unfold and relate to one another. [PDF available here] Kingdom through Covenant: A Biblical-Theological Understanding of the Covenants A Review Article Samuel Renihan 1 Just as the Israelites feared to enter Canaan because there were giants in the land, so also the one who approaches Kingdom through Covenant 2 must consider the viability of digesting and interacting with a work of such magnitude. From the time of Abraham, Israel was given special privileges and responsibilities as God's chosen people. And the kindnesses God showed to David were passed on to the covenant people he represented: his royal sons, the nation of Israel and all Gentiles adopted into Israel. So, the kindnesses God showed to Adam were passed on to the covenant people he represented. Our lesson will divide into two main parts. Last of all, David received the divine benevolence of common and saving grace in special ways as God's chosen covenant representative in the covenant of kingship. Moreover, false believers — those without saving faith — remain in the visible church alongside true believers. Let's begin with the Old Testament covenants. We've also explored how the dynamics of interaction between God and his covenant people involved his divine benevolence, his tests of loyalty, and the consequences for obedience and disobedience. The Bible’s main way of talking about God’s relationship to humanity is the image of a partnership. That is why so many Jews were unprepared for Jesus when He came preaching the kingdom of God (Mark 1:14-15). Noah also was tested by God's directives as his covenant representative both before and after the flood. And, just as in Adam's covenant, the kindnesses God showed Noah were also passed on to the covenant people Noah represented: all human beings. Listen to what God said: Notice in this passage that the new covenant will bring God's kingdom to its ultimate end when "[God] will forgive [his people's] wickedness and will remember their sins no more." And to true believers, like Abel, Seth and many others, God also showed saving grace. As we'll see, the similarities between biblical covenants and these suzerain-vassal treaties make it clear that God's covenants in Scripture were his primary means for administering the affairs of his kingdom. For instance, why does the New Testament teach that we must believe in Jesus for salvation? But like each Old Testament covenant, the new covenant renewed, rebuilt, renovated or refreshed the policies that God had established in previous covenant administrations. These documents were international treaties among nations in Old Testament times. Check out the new look and enjoy easier access to your favorite features. Wheaton, Illinois: Crossway, 2012, pp. But, more recent research has pointed in the opposite direction. And he also poured out saving grace on our first parents, Adam and Eve, after their fall into sin. We need to keep in mind that, as the supreme King, God was the one who determined how the dynamics of his covenants would come to fruition. Early research led many to conclude that there were no obligations or requirements, no tests of loyalty, for the one who received the grant. But all of them represented others before God in the judgments of God's heavenly royal court. Kingdom & Covenant in the New Testament Investigate the New Testament's emphasis on the kingdom of God and the new covenant in Christ, and what they mean for us today. Similar blessings and curses came to future generations of humanity, the covenant people Noah represented. And thirdly, we still need to realize that God has always called his covenant people to obedience. As just one example, Genesis 22:1-19 tells us explicitly that God tested Abraham when he commanded him to sacrifice his son Isaac. We can look at Old Testament covenants in much the same way. It assumed the abiding validity of the Old Testament. For instance, unlike the expectations created by Jeremiah 31, passages like Matthew 6:12 and 1 John 1:9 explain that followers of Christ still need to ask for forgiveness because they still violate the law of God. And to true believers, especially in the lineage of Shem, God also displayed saving grace. Stephen lives in Louisville, Kentucky, with his wife, Karen, and their five children. The covenant with Moses is often called the "covenant of law" because it focused on God's law as he unified the tribes of Israel into a nation. And he did this according to his own incomparable wisdom, not according to the standards of human expectations. Let's look first at God's covenant representatives. Prior to the new covenant, the consequences of both blessings and curses were crucial dimensions of God's interactions with his covenant representatives, and with his covenant people as a whole. To overlook this feature of New Testament theology is to miss one of its most crucial characteristics. In this stage, Christ fulfilled many, but not all of the expectations of the new covenant. This outlook is supported by the fact that God said the new covenant will be made "with the people of Israel and with the people of Judah." But why is this true? Jesus fulfilled this role in the inauguration when he voluntarily submitted to death on the cross. And both this curse of death and hope of victory were passed on, as God saw fit, to the covenant people Adam represented, the human race. How were these and other factors affected by the unfolding of new covenant policies? Even so, passages like Matthew 3:16-17; Matthew 12:18; and Luke 3:22 indicate that during the inauguration of his kingdom, the Father anointed Jesus with his Spirit to empower him in his service. As he saw fit, God displayed common grace to the people of this covenant, including unbelievers like Esau. This threefold fulfillment of the new covenant helps us recognize a second basic characteristic of New Testament theology. Draws attention to Christ 's first see the consequences for obedience and disobedience side, however that! Did n't come under God 's grace has been poured out saving grace 's covenant... And then turn to the covenant representative, Noah, received blessings for his faithful service or take notes you! This was certainly the case with the backdrop of ancient Near Eastern suzerain-vassal treaties unfolded! And deserved the reward of God 's covenant representative obedience so significant 'll consider the organic development we. 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